Beef Production

Ontario beef farmers are passionate people. Passionate about caring for their animals. Passionate about creating a sustainable environment for future generations and passionate about providing safe and high-quality beef for consumers.

When a calf is born, it generally weighs about 80lbs. Beef cows and their baby calves typically spend the spring, summer and fall living in fields that are called pasture fields. For more information on raising beef on cow-calf operations, click here.

Young calves rely on their mother’s milk to provide them with nutrients. Calves generally stay with their mothers for about seven months until they are weaned which means that they eat regular food and no longer need their mother’s milk. Once the calves have been weaned they are called backgrounders or stocker calves.

Cattle are usually moved to special farms called feedlots when they are approx. 9 - 11 months old and live there until they are ready for market. Feedlots are specially designed farms that provide proper shelter, drinking water and feed mangers for the cattle. For more information on raising beef on feedlot operations, click here.

There are many different breeds of beef cattle in Ontario: Angus, Charolais, Hereford, Limousin and Simmental, among many others.

For more information on the beef industry in Ontario and Canada, by topic, see below.

Animal Care

Food Safety


Economic Impact

Visit the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food (OMAF) website for beef related production information on the following topics:

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